Associated Press (AP) Uncredited Photographers
In the first few decades since its formation in 1846, the Associated Press news cooperative provided coverage of world events and disseminated photographs to its member newspapers. Photo credits were not recorded in the early decades of the AP and were often filed with the photographer's initials or no name at all. It is now standard for AP photographers to be credited by name.*
*Alabiso, Vincent., Kelly Smith. Tunney, and Chuck. Zoeller. Flash! : the Associated Press Covers the World. New York, N.Y: The Associated Press in association with Harry N. Abrams, 1998, 187.
United Press International (UPI) Uncredited Photographers
Newspapers relied on United Press since it was founded in 1907. UP was the chief rival of Associated Press and were, like AP, relied upon for current information on world events. In 1952 the Acme Newspictures photo agency was sold to UP and in 1958 UP merged with International News Service in 1958 to become UPI.
Acme was an intercontinental telephoto network based in the United States providing photograph reproductions of world events to newspapers around the country by wire.
Henri Cartier Bresson was a French painter, filmmaker and photographer whose first photo journalist assignment appeared in a 1932 edition of Vu magazine. Bresson travelled extensively in Spain, Mexico, and the United States taking pictures for assignments and capturing everyday life through his lens. He served in WWII, was captured and placed in a prisoner of war camp from which he escaped then returned to France where he documented the liberation of Paris from 1944-1945. In 1947 to 1948, he lived in the United States where he co-founded Magnum, a photography cooperative owned by its members through which he sold photographs to major publications until 1966. From 1948 to 1950 he travelled to India (covering Ghandi's funeral), Burma, Pakistan, China and Indonesia (covering Indonesia's independence and the overthrow of the Chinese Nationalist Party). He was the first Western photographer allowed to enter the USSR after the death of Stalin. In 1948-1959 he returned to China followed by Cuba, Mexico, Canada, India, Japan and France. In 1952 he published the highly influential book,The Decisive Moment.
Additional bio available at Grove Art Online (requires DePaul login) https://doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T014482
Gordon Coster worked in advertising and was an industrial photographer before working as a photojournalist. His early social documentary photographs of labor strife and civil rights issues reflected a personal and emotional dedication to the concerns and welfare of his fellow man. was an American photojournalist known for his coverage of labor and civil-rights issues.
Leonard Freed was an American filmmaker and photojournalist who travelled extensively photographing post-Franco Spain, Israel (1967-68), the Yom Kippur War, North Sea oil development and Jewish communities in Amsterdam and post-WWII Germany. He is widely recognized for his photographic coverage of the Civil Rights Movement including the August 28, 1963 March on Washington, which ultimately led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Lewis Hine was a sociologist, school teacher, and photographer who believed that documentary photography could be used as a tool for social change and reform. In 1907, Hine accepted a job as staff photographer at the Russell Sage Foundation where he photographed the inhabitants and conditions in the steel-making districts of Pittsburgh. Later, he documented child labor conditions for the National Child Labor Committee. His photographs supported NCLC's lobbying to end child labor and in 1912 the United States Children's Bureau was created and eventually the passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, the first child labor law in the United States.
1907, Hine became the staff photographer of the Russell Sage Foundation; he photographed life in the steel-making districts and people of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for the influential sociological study called The Pittsburgh Survey.
James Kerlin worked for 43 years as an Associated Press photographer and served a principal photographer at Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral in the early years of that program. Some of his most notable photographs were taken as he chronicled the civil rights campaign to desegregate St. Augustine, Florida in 1964.
After working as a portrait photographer for 10 years, Lange began making photographs to create social change. She is best know for the body of photographs commissioned by Farm Security Administration, a Depression-era government agency formed to raise public awareness of the plight of struggling farmers and to provide aid. She recieved the first Guggenheim Fellowship awarded to a woman in 1941, and from 1942 to 1945 she worked for the U.S. government photographing Japanese-American internment camps and the founding of the United Nations. In 1954 she joined the staff of Life magazine, and from 1958 to 1965 she worked as a freelance photographer traveling to Asia, South America, and the Middle East.
Danny Lyon was a self-taught filmmaker and photographer hired as staff photographer for the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and covered the Civil Rights movement.
Ivan Massar joined the Navy in 1942 and received training in photography. While stationed on vessels in the Pacific fleet, he photographed and witnessed the violence of war firsthand—an experience that made him a life-long pacifist. He later pursued a career as a photojournalist covering the civil rights movement, Vietnam anti-war protests while also participating as an advocate for social justice and as a peace activist. One of his notable photographs was taking in St. Augustine, Florida as demonstrators attempted to fight desegregation.
Charles Moore served in the U.S. Marines as a photographer and later worked for the Alabama Journal and Montgomery Advertiser. His photographs were distributed nationally through the Associated Press and sold to Life. His photographs of the civil rights movement has been credited by many for changing the public's opinions in support of civil rights and helping to speed up passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Dorothy Marder was a peace activist, feminist, lesbian, gay rights activist and photojournalist best known for her coverage of the early Gay Pride Movement, the Women’s Pentagon Action, and the Seneca Peace Camp. She documented the "Ring around the Congress” demonstration held June 22, 1972 aimed to stop funding the Vietnam war.
Spider Martin was an American photographer known for his work documenting the Selma to Montgomery civil rights march which led to the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. His photographs were published in the Birmingham Weekly, The Birmingham News, Life Magazine, Saturday Evening Post, and Time among others. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. credited Martin with bringing the attention of the world to Selma through his photos.
Additional bio at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spider_Martin.
Ruth Orkin was an American photographer and filmmaker who began a career as a freelance photographer in 1941. Orkin took assignments from the New York Times, Look, Life, Colliers and Ladies' Home Journal. In 1951 she went to Israel to photograph the Israeli Philharmonic then flew to Florence where she took the series of shots for which she is best known, "American Girl in Italy."
Additional bio at https://www.bhphotovideo.com/explora/photography/features/continuity-of-purpose-a-photographic-legacy-from-ruth-orkin-to-her-daughter
Gordon Parks was an American photographer, filmmaker, composer and author whose interest in photography was sparked after seeing Farm Security Administration photographs of migrant workers in a magazine. He won a fellowship in 1942 to work for the FSA and later the Office of War Information where he chronicled social conditions. Sparks was a humanitarian with a deep commitment to social justice whose work explored the social and economic impact of poverty, racism, and other forms of discrimination.
Marc Riboud was a French photographer best known for his photographs of the cultural revolution in China, Tibet, and Japan, street scenes and life in Paris, and anti-Vietnam war protests in Washington, D.C. He was photographing an anti-Vietnam protest outside the Pentagon in 1967 when he took a photo of 17 year old high school student Jan Rose Kasmir holding a chrysanthemum symbolizing peace while facing a line of soldiers pointing bayonets at her. The image has become an icon of the 1960's anti-war movement and is thought to have helped turn public opinion against U.S. involvement in Vietnam.
Bill Strode was a photojournalist who worked for the Courier-Journal in Louisville, Kentucky then as a freelancer hired by National Geographic,Time, Life, Sports Illustrated, Esquire, The New York Times, and The Washington Post. He chronicled the efforts of Mrs.Ollie Combs who had spent 3 weeks blocking the advancement of a bulldozer to prevent harmful strip-mining practices, which had caused damage to the natural environment and property in the Clear Creek area of Knott County, Kentucky. During his coverage, Strode was arrested and later pelted with stones by security guards for his presence at the mining site.
Herb Snitzer's photographs have been featured in Life, Look, The Saturday Evening Post, Fortune, Time, New York Times and the Herald Tribune. He is best known for his photos of jazz musicians taken for Metronome magazine. Snitzer photographed a NAACP event in 1958, which is featured in this exhibition.
Lou Stouman was a writer, photographer, teacher and Academy Award-winning filmmaker. He received his first photo-journalist assignment in 1941 working for the National Youth Administration in Puerto Rico before he volunteered for the army in 1942. He then served as a combat correspondent and photographer in Southeast Asia for the U.S. Army Weekly publication Yank. Later he worked as a freelance photojournalist in the Los Angeles area.
Additional bio at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Clyde_Stoumen and https://oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/c8r213k8/
Jack Thornell was an American photographer who won a Pulitzer Prize for his Associated Press photo of James Meredith after the civil rights activist was shot by a sniper during a solo 220-mile March Against Fear from Memphis, Tennessee to Jackson, Mississippi in 1966 to highlight continuing racism in the South and encourage voter registration after passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Weegee was a self-taught photographer who took a variety of photography jobs before being hired full time to work in a photography studio. In 1935, he embarked on a career as a freelance news photographer and in 1935 he was given permission to install a police radio in his car, which allowed him to get to a scene quickly before other photographers selling the photographs to publications including the Daily News, Herald-Tribune, Post, Sun.