New forms of scholarly work improve the creation and sharing of the knowledge that we already possess. Each of the following represent alternative models of scholarly work:
The pages below showcase a few additional examples of new forms of scholarly works in the sciences and humanities.
Research Objects, an emerging approach to the publication, and exchange of scholarly information on the Web. In their article from 2010, Bechhofer et al. argue for the existence of a mechanism "that supports the production of self-contained units of knowledge and that facilitate the publication, sharing and reuse of such entities." A preprint of this article is freely available.
Bechhofer S, De Roure D, Gamble M, Goble C, Buchan I (2010) Research objects: Towards exchange and reuse of digital knowledge. The Future of the Web for Collaborative Science.
Claims in scientific articles
Focusing on claims in scientific articles by developing methods to extract and synthesize claims, represents a new form of scholarly communication. In their article from 2009, Anita de Waard et al. propose a novel approach to representing scientific knowledge claims from scientific articles.
de Waard, A.;Buckingham Shum, S.; Carusi, A.; Park, J.; Samwald, M. and Sándor, Á. (2009). Hypotheses, evidence and relationships: The HypER approach for representing scientific knowledge claims. In: Proceedings 8th International Semantic Web Conference, Workshop on Semantic Web Applications in Scientific Discourse. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Verlag: Berlin, 26 Oct 2009, Washington DC
Sharing and reusing datasets
Sharing and reusing datasets, represents a new form of scholarly communication. Data in Brief, a journal published by Elsevier, specializes in publication of data articles that allow researchers to easily share and reuse each other's datasets.
Experimenting with publication formats
Digital Humanities Quarterly journal is an open-access scholarly journal that is committed to experimenting with publication formats and the rhetoric of digital authoring.
Force11 is a community of scholars, librarians, archivists, publishers, and research funders that jointly work to "help facilitate the change toward the improved knowledge creation and sharing." The manifesto of this organization sums up the goal of this community and the change that they would like to see in how information technologies are being used today.